Peniophora lycii phytase is stabile and degrades phytate and solubilises minerals in vitro during simulation of gastrointestinal digestion in the pig
Journal article, 2007
BACKGROUND: Microbial phytases (EC 3.1.3) are widely used in diets for monogastric animals to hydrolyse phytate present in the feed and thereby increase phosphorus and mineral availability. Previous work has shown that phytate solubility is strongly affected by calcium in the feed and by pH in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which may have an effect on phytase efficacy. An in vitro model simulating the GI tract of pigs was used to study the survival of Peniophora lycii phytase and the effect of the phytase on phytate degradation, inositol phosphate formation and mineral solubilisation during in vitro digestion of a 30:70 soybean meal/maize meal blend with different calcium levels.
RESULTS: The phytase retained 76 and 80% of its initial activity throughout the gastric in vitro digestion. Total phytate hydrolysis by P. lycii phytase was in the same range at total calcium levels of 1.2 and 6.2 mg g(-1) dry matter (DM), despite very large differences in phytate solubility at these calcium levels. However, at 11.2 and 21.2 mg Ca g(-1) DM, phytate hydrolysis was significantly lower. The amount of soluble mineral was generally increased by P. lycii phytase.
CONCLUSION: Stability of P. lycii phytase during gastric digestion was not found to be critical for phytate hydrolysis. Furthermore, original phytate solubility was not an absolute requirement for phytate degradation; phytate solubility seemed to be in a steady state, allowing insoluble phytate to solubilise as soluble phytate was degraded. This is new and interesting knowledge that adds to the current understanding of phytate-phytase interaction.