Socio-technical-ecological evaluations of the potential to implement renewable energy sources in coastal areas of tropical developing countries – an East African case study
The suggested project aims at evaluating the potential for a successful implementation of renewable
energy sources in the coastal zone of tropical developing countries integrating results from different
scientific disciplines (ecology, social science and technology) into a useful support for development
policy. Its emphasis will be on remote areas where poor infrastructures raise the demand for
independent electricity supplies. Moreover, the project intends to identify key-issues and sociotechnical
pathways for a future integration of suitable renewable energy sources in such areas.
The research will be based on analyses of the relationships between technical, ecological and
social systems and focus on applying adequate technology in a socially and ecologically feasible way.
The energy sources considered will be selected from local natural flowing resources, i.e. mainly tidal,
stream, and wave energies.
With funding from Sida (SAREC Planning Grant) and Adlerbertska Forskningsstiftelsen, a planning
study was carried out during October – November 2007, including the subsequent parts:
1) meetings with representatives from several concerned institutions in Mozambique and in
2) field visit to remote rural areas in southern Tanzania where hydrographical and coast
morphological features were documented
3) meetings with village representatives in remote rural southern Tanzania in order to collect
information about living standards, energy demands and development intentions
Compiled results from the three parts are presented in this report and will constitute a baseline for the
forthcoming application of Sida Project grant, to be handed in April 2008. When taking part of the
results it is important to keep in mind that the suggested project does not intend to construct any actual
power plants, or pilot plants, but to study the prerequisites and consequences, technical, natural as well
as societal in order to evaluate if and how a future implementation of these recent technologies could
be carried out in a feasible and sustainable way.
This report is written with a plain perspective and contains no abstract. As the proceedings of the study
will be the basis for a research application in progress, conclusions will instead be developed within
sustainability assessment of technology