Robust Analog Beamforming for Periodic Broadcast V2V Communication
Journal article, 2022

We generalize an existing low-cost analog signal processing concept that takes advantage of the periodicity of vehicle-to-vehicle broadcast service to the transmitter side. In particular, we propose to process multiple antennas using either an analog beamforming network (ABN) of phase shifters, or an antenna switching network (ASN) that periodically alternates between the available antennas, to transmit periodic messages to receivers that have an analog combining network (ACN) of phase shifters, which has been proposed in earlier work. To guarantee robustness, we aim to minimize the burst error probability for the worst receiving vehicular user, in a scenario of bad propagation condition that is modeled by a single dominant path between the communicating vehicles. In absence of any form of channel knowledge, we analytically derive the optimal parameters of both ABN and ASN. The ABN beamforming vector is found to be optimal for all users and not only for the worst receiving user. Further, we demonstrate that Alamouti scheme for the special case of two transmit antennas yields similar performance to ABN and ASN. At last, we show that the derived parameters of the two proposed transmission strategies are also optimal when hybrid ACN-maximal ratio combining is used at the receiver.

Multiple antennas

V2V

beamforming

vehicular communication

Author

Chouaib Bencheikh Lehocine

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication, Antennas and Optical Networks, Communication Systems

Fredrik Brännström

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication, Antennas and Optical Networks, Communication Systems

Erik Ström

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication, Antennas and Optical Networks

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

1524-9050 (ISSN)

Vol. In Press

Subject Categories

Transport Systems and Logistics

Communication Systems

Control Engineering

DOI

10.1109/TITS.2022.3161045

More information

Latest update

4/14/2022