Choice of urea-spray models in CFD simulations of urea-SCR systems
Journal article, 2009
The sensitivity of modeling choices to obtained results for Eulerian–Lagrangian CFD simulations of urea-SCR systems has been investigated for a system consisting of an AdBlue-spray located at the exhaust pipe wall, directed into the exhaust gas flow. The decomposition of urea is modeled as being heat transfer limited and taking place at a constant temperature (425 K). It is shown that modeling choices may affect the predicted extent of wall hit, which types of droplets that are predicted to hit the wall, and also where they will do so.
The influence of the different forces due to drag, buoyancy, lift effects, thermophoresis and history effects was investigated, proving that only the forces due to drag and buoyancy are necessary to correctly describe droplet motion within this system. It is necessary to use a droplet drag coefficient that takes the current level of droplet distortion into account.
A stochastic particle tracking model will describe the effects of turbulent dispersion, but also make the simulation results sensitive to the quality of the turbulence model's prediction of the turbulent fluctuating velocities. Using such a model will also resolve some of the enhancement of heat and mass transfer caused by the continuous acceleration/deceleration of droplets by turbulent eddies.