Measuring Atmospheric Composition Change
Journal article, 2009

Scientific findings from the last decades have clearly highlighted the need for a more comprehensive approach to atmospheric change processes. In fact, observation of atmospheric composition variables has been an important activity of atmospheric research that has developed instrumental tools (advanced analytical techniques) and platforms (instrumented passenger aircrafts, ground-based in-situ and remote sensing stations, earth observation satellite instruments) providing essential information on the composition of the atmosphere. The variability of the atmospheric system and the extreme complexity of the atmospheric cycles for short-lived gaseous and aerosol species have led to the development of complex models to interpret observations, test our theoretical understanding of atmospheric chemistry and predict future atmospheric composition. The validation of numerical models requires accurate information concerning the variability of atmospheric composition for targeted species via comparison with observations and measurements. In this paper, we provide an overview of recent advances in instrumentation and methodologies for measuring atmospheric composition changes from space, aircraft and the surface as well as recent improvements in laboratory techniques that permitted scientific advance in the field of atmospheric chemistry. Emphasis is given to the most promising and innovative technologies that will become operational in the near future to improve knowledge of atmospheric composition. Our current observation capacity, however, is not satisfactory to understand and predict future atmospheric composition changes, in relation to predicted climate warming. Based on the limitation of the current European observing system, we address the major gaps in a second part of the paper to explain why further developments in current observation strategies are still needed to strengthen and optimise an observing system not only capable of responding to the requirements of atmospheric services but also to newly open scientific questions.

Instrumentation

Air quality

Atmosphere

Observation

Climate

Author

P. Laj

Observatoire de Physique du Globe Clermont Ferrand (OPGC)

Université Grenoble Alpes

J. Klausen

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

M. Bilde

University of Copenhagen

C. Pla[beta]-Duelmer

Deutscher Wetterdienst

G. Pappalardo

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

C. Clerbaux

Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC)

Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

U. Baltensperger

Paul Scherrer Institut

J. Hjorth

European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra

David Simpson

Chalmers, Department of Radio and Space Science, Global Environmental Measurements and Modelling

S. Reimann

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

P.-F. Coheur

Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

A. Richter

Universität Bremen

M. De Maziere

Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy

Y. Rudich

Weizmann Institute of Science

G. McFiggans

University of Manchester

K. Torseth

Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)

A. Wiedensohler

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

S. Morin

Université Grenoble Alpes

M. Schulz

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)

J. Allan

University of Manchester

J.-L. Attie

University of Toulouse

I. Barnes

Bergische Universität Wuppertal

W. Birmilli

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

Jean-Pierre Cammas

University of Toulouse

J. Dommen

Paul Scherrer Institut

H.-P. Dorn

Forschungszentrum Jülich

D. Fowler

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology

J.-S. Fuzzi

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

M. Glasius

University of Copenhagen

C. Granier

Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC)

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

University of Colorado at Boulder

M. Hermann

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

I. Isaksen

University of Oslo

Cicero Senter for klimaforskning

S. Kinne

Max Planck Institute

I. Koren

Weizmann Institute of Science

F. Madonna

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

M. Maione

Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

A. Massling

Danmarks Miljoundersogelser

O. Moehler

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

L. Mona

Consiglo Nazionale Delle Richerche

P. Monks

University Of Leicester

D. M. Müller

Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

T. M. Müller

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

J. Orphal

Paris Diderot University

V.-H. Peuch

CNRM Centre National de Recherches Meteorologiques

F. Stratmann

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

D. Tanré

Lille 1 University of Science and Technology

G. Tyndall

National Center for Atmospheric Research

A.A. Riziq

University of California

M. Van Roozendael

Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy

P. Villani

Observatoire de Physique du Globe Clermont Ferrand (OPGC)

Université Grenoble Alpes

B. Wehner

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

H. Wex

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

A.A. Zardini

University of Copenhagen

Atmospheric Environment

1352-2310 (ISSN)

Vol. 43 33 5351-5414

Subject Categories

Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences

Environmental Sciences

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.020

More information

Latest update

9/7/2018 1