Measuring Atmospheric Composition Change
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

Scientific findings from the last decades have clearly highlighted the need for a more comprehensive approach to atmospheric change processes. In fact, observation of atmospheric composition variables has been an important activity of atmospheric research that has developed instrumental tools (advanced analytical techniques) and platforms (instrumented passenger aircrafts, ground-based in-situ and remote sensing stations, earth observation satellite instruments) providing essential information on the composition of the atmosphere. The variability of the atmospheric system and the extreme complexity of the atmospheric cycles for short-lived gaseous and aerosol species have led to the development of complex models to interpret observations, test our theoretical understanding of atmospheric chemistry and predict future atmospheric composition. The validation of numerical models requires accurate information concerning the variability of atmospheric composition for targeted species via comparison with observations and measurements. In this paper, we provide an overview of recent advances in instrumentation and methodologies for measuring atmospheric composition changes from space, aircraft and the surface as well as recent improvements in laboratory techniques that permitted scientific advance in the field of atmospheric chemistry. Emphasis is given to the most promising and innovative technologies that will become operational in the near future to improve knowledge of atmospheric composition. Our current observation capacity, however, is not satisfactory to understand and predict future atmospheric composition changes, in relation to predicted climate warming. Based on the limitation of the current European observing system, we address the major gaps in a second part of the paper to explain why further developments in current observation strategies are still needed to strengthen and optimise an observing system not only capable of responding to the requirements of atmospheric services but also to newly open scientific questions.

Climate

Atmosphere

Air quality

Instrumentation

Observation

Författare

P. Laj

Universite Grenoble Alpes

Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont- Ferrand

J. Klausen

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

M. Bilde

Kobenhavns Universitet

C. Pla[beta]-Duelmer

Deutscher Wetterdienst

G. Pappalardo

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

C. Clerbaux

Universite Pierre et Marie Curie

Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

U. Baltensperger

Paul Scherrer Institut

J. Hjorth

European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra

David Simpson

Chalmers, Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering

S. Reimann

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

P.-F. Coheur

Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

A. Richter

University of Bremen

M. De Maziere

Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy

Y. Rudich

Weizmann Institute of Science Israel

G. McFiggans

University of Manchester

K. Torseth

Norsk institutt for luftforskning

A. Wiedensohler

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

S. Morin

Universite Grenoble Alpes

M. Schulz

CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

J. Allan

University of Manchester

J.-L. Attie

Universite de Toulouse

I. Barnes

Bergische Universitat Wuppertal

W. Birmilli

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

Jean-Pierre Cammas

Universite de Toulouse

J. Dommen

Paul Scherrer Institut

H.-P. Dorn

Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ)

D. Fowler

Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

J.-S. Fuzzi

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

M. Glasius

Kobenhavns Universitet

C. Granier

University of Colorado at Boulder

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

Universite Pierre et Marie Curie

M. Hermann

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

I. Isaksen

Universitetet i Oslo

Cicero Senter for klimaforskning

S. Kinne

Max Planck-institutet

I. Koren

Weizmann Institute of Science Israel

F. Madonna

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

M. Maione

Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

A. Massling

Danmarks Miljoundersogelser

O. Moehler

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Campus North

L. Mona

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

P. Monks

University of Leicester

D. M. Müller

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology

T. M. Müller

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

J. Orphal

Universite Paris 7- Denis Diderot

V.-H. Peuch

CNRM Centre National de Recherches Meteorologiques

F. Stratmann

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

D. Tanré

Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille

G. Tyndall

National Center for Atmospheric Research

A.A. Riziq

University of California, Santa Barbara

M. Van Roozendael

Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy

P. Villani

Universite Grenoble Alpes

Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont- Ferrand

B. Wehner

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

H. Wex

Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research

A.A. Zardini

Kobenhavns Universitet

Atmospheric Environment

1352-2310 (ISSN)

Vol. 43 5351-5414

Ämneskategorier

Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.020