Characterization of PNA and DNA Immobilization and Subsequent Hybridization with DNA Using Acoustic-Shear-Wave Attenuation Measurements
Journal article, 2001

We report here how the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) technique, simultaneously measuring changes in the induced energy dissipation, D (cf. viscoelastic properties), and the frequency, f (cf. coupled mass), can be used to characterize the bound state of single-stranded peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) in relation to their ability to function as selective probe(s) for fully complementary and single-mismatch DNA. The possibility to use the QCM-D technique for detection of binding kinetics and structural differences in the formed duplexes is also presented. We found that thiol-PNA and thiol-DNA attached via a sulfur group directly on a bare-gold surface are less efficient as probes for DNA than are biotin-PNA and biotin-DNA, coupled on top of a two-dimensional (2-D) arrangement of streptavidin, formed on a biotinylated phospholipid bilayer on a SiO2 surface. The fully complementary and singly mismatched DNA oligomers hybridize with the immobilized PNA and DNA. A single mismatch is discriminated via a significant difference in the binding and dissociation kinetics, demonstrating a high selectivity and thus successful immobilization of functional single strands. The observed ratios between hybridization-induced energy dissipation (DeltaD) and the frequency shift (Deltaf) made it possible to discriminate thiol-PNA directly attached to a gold surface from biotin-PNA coupled to the streptavidin 2-D arrangement, where the former were shown to be inefficient for detecting subsequent hybridization. Structural differences of the immobilized layers composed of biotin-PNA-DNA and biotin-DNA-DNA were clearly reflected by the DeltaD and Deltaf response.


Fredrik Höök

Chalmers, Applied Physics

Arghya Ray

Department of Physical Chemistry

Bengt Nordén

Department of Physical Chemistry

Bengt Herbert Kasemo

Chalmers, Applied Physics


07437463 (ISSN) 15205827 (eISSN)

Vol. 17 26 8305-8312

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)


Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Physical Chemistry


Basic sciences



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