Time-delay multiplexing of two beams in a terahertz imaging radar
Journal article, 2010
We demonstrate a time-delay multiplexing technique that doubles the frame rate of a 660-690-GHz imaging radar with minimal additional instrument complexity. This is done by simultaneously projecting two offset, orthogonally polarized radar beams generated and detected by a common source and receiver. Beam splitting and polarization rotation is accomplished with a custom designed waveguide hybrid coupler and twist. A relative time lag of approximately 2 ns between the beams' waveforms is introduced using a quasi-optical delay line, followed by spatial recombination using a selectively reflective wire grid. This delay is much longer than the approximately 20-ps time-of-flight resolution of the 30-GHz bandwidth radar, permitting the two beams' reflected signals from a compact target to be easily distinguished in digital post-processing of the single receiver channel.