Journal article, 2011

Optimal binary labelings, input distributions, and input alphabets are analyzed for the so-called bit-interleaved coded modulation (BICM) capacity, paying special attention to the low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime. For 8-ary pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) and for 0.75 bit/symbol, the folded binary code results in a higher capacity than the binary reflected gray code (BRGC) and the natural binary code (NBC). The 1 dB gap between the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) capacity and the BICM capacity with the BRGC can be almost completely removed if the input symbol distribution is properly selected. First-order asymptotics of the BICM capacity for arbitrary input alphabets and distributions, dimensions, mean, variance, and binary labeling are developed. These asymptotics are used to define first-order optimal (FOO) constellations for BICM, i.e. constellations that make BICM achieve the Shannon limit $-1.59 \tr{dB}$. It is shown that the $\Eb/N_0$ required for reliable transmission at asymptotically low rates in BICM can be as high as infinity, that for uniform input distributions and 8-PAM there are only 72 classes of binary labelings with a different first-order asymptotic behavior, and that this number is reduced to only 26 for 8-ary phase shift keying (PSK). A general answer to the question of FOO constellations for BICM is also given: using the Hadamard transform, it is found that for uniform input distributions, a constellation for BICM is FOO if and only if it is a linear projection of a hypercube. A constellation based on PAM or quadrature amplitude modulation input alphabets is FOO if and only if they are labeled by the NBC; if the constellation is based on PSK input alphabets instead, it can never be FOO if the input alphabet has more than four points, regardless of the labeling.

bit-interleaved coded modulation

natural binary code

Hadamard transform

Gray code

quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)

Average mutual information

channel capacity

pulse amplitude modulation (PAM)

phase shift keying (PSK)

binary labeling

Shannon limit

folded binary code

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Kommunikationssystem, informationsteori och antenner, Communication Systems

Chalmers, Signals and Systems, Kommunikationssystem, informationsteori och antenner, Communication Systems

0018-9448 (ISSN)

Vol. 57 10 6650-6672 6034708Information and Communication Technology

Telecommunications

10.1109/TIT.2011.2162179