Impact of Eddy Currents and Crowding Effects on High Frequency Losses in Planar Schottky Diodes
Journal article, 2011
In this paper, we present the influence of eddy currents, skin and proximity effects on high-frequency losses in planar terahertz Schottky diodes. The high-frequency losses, particularly losses due to the spreading resistance, are analyzed as a function of the ohmic-contact mesa geometry for frequencies up to 600 GHz. A combination of 3-D electromagnetic (EM) simulations and parameter extraction based on lumped equivalent circuit is used for the analysis. The extracted low-frequency spreading resistance shows a good agreement with the results from electrostatic simulations and experimental data. By taking into consideration the EM field couplings, the analysis shows that the optimum ohmic-contact mesa thickness is approximately one-skin depth at the operating frequency. It is also shown that, for a typical diode, the onset of eddy current loss starts at ∼200 GHz, and the onset of a mixture of skin and proximity effects occurs around ∼400 GHz.
submillimeter wave devices
submillimeter wave integrated circuits.