Electronic transition moments of 2-aminopurine
Journal article, 1997
The electronic spectrum of the unnatural nucleic acid base 2-aminopurine is important in order to understand the spectroscopy and photophysics of the normal DNA bases. Knowledge of transition moment directions and effective absorption components is also a prerequisite for the interpretation of emission spectra of 2-aminopurine incorporated into DNA as a probe of nucleic acid base motion or excitation energy transfer processes. Using linear dichroism, fluorescence anisotropy, and ordinary and magnetic circular dichroism techniques, the near-UV spectrum of 2-aminopurine is resolved into contributions from five electronic transitions. Four moderately strong pi-->pi* transitions (I, III, IV, and V) are observed, polarized at +53 degrees (I), -72 degrees (III), -77 degrees (IV), and +57 degrees or -67 degrees (V) relative to the short molecular axis. In addition, one weak n --> pi* transition (II) polarized perpendicular to the molecular plane has been identified. Semiempirical INDO/S calculations support these assignments.
linear dichroism measurements
stretched polymer sheets