The influence of sulfur dioxide and water on the performance of a marine SCR catalyst
Journal article, 2012
This study investigates how sulfur affects the NO reduction activity over a commercial vanadium based urea-SCR catalyst for marine applications, especially at low temperatures, and in combination with H2O. The addition of SO2 in the absence of H2O promotes the NO reduction at 350 degrees C, while the addition of H2O. in the absence of SO2, gives rise to a decrease in the NO reduction and also an inhibition of the N2O formation. The same trends are observed at transient temperatures, but no promotional effect by SO2 is seen at temperatures below 230 degrees C. Further, long term effects of SO2 and H2O were investigated and the NO reduction remains stable, also after long term exposure of SO2. The ammonia desorption is investigated using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) experiments, both in the presence and in the absence of SO2. In general in the presence of both H2O and SO2 the catalyst does not show any sign of deactivation at temperatures above 300 degrees C and fairly low space velocities (below 12,200 h(-1)). However, at lower temperatures (250 degrees C) and/or higher space velocities the catalytic performance for NO reduction decreases with time.