Assessment of absorption cooling as a district heating system strategy – A case study
Journal article, 2012

Heat load variations, daily as well as seasonal, are constraining co-generation of high-value energy products as well as excess heat utilisation. Integration of heat-driven absorption cooling (AC) technology in a district heating and cooling (DHC) system raises the district heat (DH) demand during low-demand periods and may thus contribute to a more efficient resource utilisation. In Sweden, AC expansion is a potentially interesting option since the cooling demand is rapidly increasing, albeit from low levels, and DH systems cover most of the areas with potential cooling demand. This study aims to assess the potential for cost and CO2 emission reduction due to expansion of DH-driven AC instead of electricity-driven compression cooling in the DHC system of Göteborg, characterised by a high share of low-cost excess heat sources. The DHC production is simulated on an hourly basis using the least-cost model MARTES. Despite recent advances of compression chillers, the results show potential for cost-effective CO2 emission reduction by AC expansion, which is robust with regards to the different scenarios applied of energy market prices and policies. While the effects on annual DHC system results are minor, the study illustrates that an increased cooling demand may be met by generation associated with low or even negative net CO2 emissions – as long as there is high availability of industrial excess heat in the DHC system, or if e.g. new biomass-based combined heat and power capacity is installed, due to the avoided and replaced marginal power generation.

Carbon dioxide emissions

Absorption cooling

Compression cooling

Combined heat and power

Industrial excess heat

District heating and cooling

Author

Elsa Fahlén

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Louise Trygg

Linköping University

Erik Ahlgren

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Energy Conversion and Management

0196-8904 (ISSN)

Vol. 60 115-124

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Areas of Advance

Energy

DOI

10.1016/j.enconman.2012.02.009

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4/5/2019 1