Superiority of PANS compared to LES in predicting a rudimentary landing gear flow with affordable meshes
Journal article, 2012

Results of simulations of the flow around a rudimentary landing gear are presented in the paper. A newly proposed improved Partially-Averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) method using k - epsilon - zeta - f turbulence model is used for prediction of the flow. The results are compared with the experimental data but also with the results of two LES simulations performed using the PANS computational grids. PANS simulations predicted the flow in good agreement with the experimental data. LES predicted a non-physical creation of separation over the front wheels that does not exist in the PANS prediction and was not observed in the experimental oil film. PANS simulations showed low sensitivity to the grid refinement. They show clear advantage compared with the LES simulations when the computational grid is inadequate for resolution of the near-wall flow structures.


large-eddy simulation


Partially-Averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS)

Turbulence modeling

Rudimentary Landing

Hybrid method


Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Dynamics

Ragnar Larusson

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Dynamics

B. Basara


International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow

0142-727X (ISSN)

Vol. 37 109-122

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics



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3/6/2018 1