Towards an Extension of TFC Model of Premixed Turbulent Combustion
Journal article, 2013
In order to determine the mean rate of product creation within the framework of the Turbulent Flame Closure (TFC) model of premixed combustion, the model is combined with a simple closure of turbulent scalar flux developed recently by the present authors based on the flamelet concept of turbulent burning. The model combination is assessed by numerically simulating statistically planar, one-dimensional, developing premixed flames that propagate in frozen turbulence. The mean rate of product creation yielded by the combined model decreases too slowly at the trailing edges of the studied flames, with the effect being more pronounced at longer flame-development times and larger ratios of rms turbulent velocity u′ to laminar flame speed S L . To resolve the problem, the above closure of turbulent scalar flux is modified and the combination of the modified closure and TFC model yields reasonable behaviour of the studied rate. In particular, simulations indicate an increase in the mean combustion progress variable associated with the maximum rate by u′/S L , in line with available DNS data. Finally, the modified closure of turbulent scalar flux is validated by computing conditioned velocities and turbulent scalar fluxes in six impinging-jet flames. The use of the TFC model for simulating such flames is advocated. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.