Solvate Structures and Computational/Spectroscopic Characterization of Lithium Difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiDFOB) Electrolytes
Journal article, 2013
Lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiDFOB) is a relatively new salt designed for battery electrolyte usage. Limited information is currently available, however, regarding the ionic interactions of this salt (i.e., solvate formation) when it is dissolved in aprotic solvents. Vibrational spectroscopy is a particularly useful tool for identifying these interactions, but only if the vibrational bands can be correctly linked to specific forms of anion coordination. Single crystal structures of LiDFOB solvates have therefore been used to both explore the DFOB-center dot center dot center dot Li+ cation coordination interactions and serve as unambiguous models for the assignment of the Raman vibrational bands. The solvate crystal structures determined indude (monoglyme)(2):LiDFOB, (1,2-diethoxyethane)(3/2):LiDFOB, (acetonitrile)(3):LiDFOB, (acetonitrile)(1):LiDFOB, (dimethyl carbonate)(3/2):LiDFOB, (succinonitrile)(1):LiDFOB, (adiponitrile)(1):LiDFOB, (PMDETA)(1):LiDFOB, (CRYPT-222)(2/3):LiDFOB, and (propylene carbonate)(1):LiDFOB. DFT calculations have been incorporated to provide additional insight into the origin (i.e., vibrational modes) of the Raman vibrational bands to aid in the interpretation of the experimental analysis.
amorphous concentrated liquid