Bio-SNG Production via Gasification - Process Integration Aspects for Improving Process Performance
Paper in proceedings, 2013

This paper presents results from a comprehensive process integration study of different process alternatives for Bio-SNG production based on biomass gasification. The influence of the different conversion steps in the process chain – drying, gasification, gas cleaning, methanation, and gas upgrade – on the overall process performance is investigated. Process bottlenecks as well as heat and material integration aspects are highlighted. Using future energy market scenarios, the energetic, economic, and carbon footprint performance of different process configurations are evaluated from a system perspective. About 63 MLHV of Bio-SNG can be produced from a process converting 100 MWth,LHV (20 wt-% moisture) of forestry residues. Drying of the feedstock from a natural moisture content of 50 wt-% using internal process heat recovery is shown to be important for increasing the process energy efficiency, while the choice of gasification and methanation technology is shown to be of minor importance from a process integration perspective. Amine-based CO2 separation for gas upgrade is shown to be preferable to membrane or pressure-swing adsorption based options both from an economic and Bio-SNG yield perspective. Production cost estimates in the range of 103–112 €2010/MWhSNG indicate that price parity with fossil natural gas would require specific and significant support policies.

process integration

biorefinery

biofuel

synthetic natural gas (SNG)

biogas

gasification

Author

Stefan Heyne

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Henrik Thunman

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Martin Seemann

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Simon Harvey

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Proceedings of the 21st European Biomass Conference and Exhbition

2282-5819 (ISSN)

1291 - 1304

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Transport

Energy

Subject Categories

Energy Engineering

Chemical Process Engineering

Chemical Engineering

DOI

10.5071/21stEUBCE2013-3DP.1.3

ISBN

978-88-89407-53-0

More information

Created

10/8/2017