A mixed physical and statistical approach for the prediction of tyre/road noise
Paper in proceeding, 2013
The hybrid approach is intended to make a tool available for both analysis of tyre/road noise depending on road surface characteristics and synthesis of low noise road surfaces. However, the model does not claim applicability for the development of low noise tyres. Basic physical models for the calculation of non linear contact forces and tyre vibrations as well as an empirical model for the aerodynamic tyre/road noise generation have been implemented in order to feed a multiple regression model with problem specific input quantities. The model is able to predict absolute coast-by noise levels in terms of third octave bands between 315 Hz and 2 kHz within a wide speed range from 50 km/h up to 120 km/h separately for different noise generation mechanisms. Despite the fact that the model does not perform better than +/- 1 dB concerning the difference between calculated and measured overall noise levels and +/- 5 dB for spectral level differences it provides relevant information on the distribution of sound energy due to mechanical and aerodynamic processes within the tyre/road contact. This affords opportunity to characterize and develop road surfaces yielding reduced excitation of rolling noise which is presented by means of practically relevant examples.
tyre road noise modelling