Combined Oxides of Iron, Manganese and Silica as Oxygen Carriers for Chemical-Looping Combustion
Journal article, 2014

Spray-dried particles with the chemical compositions of Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3 and FeMnSiO3 have been examined as oxygen carrier materials for chemical-looping combustion. The performance of the materials was examined in oxygen release experiments and during fuel operation with natural gas and syngas. The experiments were carried out in a fluidized-bed chemical-looping reactor system designed for a thermal power of 300 W. The reactor system includes an air reactor and a fuel reactor, as well as loop seals and means for circulation of the oxygen carrier particles. Both materials were able to release gas phase oxygen in inert atmosphere at temperatures between 800-950°C, and with approximately equal oxygen concentrations. Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3 provided higher conversion of natural gas as compared to FeMnSiO3 and the fuel conversion increased with temperature for both materials. During natural gas operation with Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3 the conversion reached 100% at around 950°C with a fuel reactor inventory of 235 kg/MW. The fuel conversion was improved when the solids inventory was increased; this improvement could especially be observed for FeMnSiO3 as the fuel conversion was lower for this material. Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3 provided higher fuel conversion than FeMnSiO3 also when syngas was used as fuel. The fuel conversion increased with temperature for both materials and full conversion was reached above 800°C with a fuel reactor inventory of 225 kg/MW for Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3, while FeMnSiO3 was incapable of providing full conversion. A rather large elutriation of fines and a significant change in particle size distribution could be observed during operation for both materials. Both materials could work as oxygen carrier for chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling. Fe0.66Mn1.33SiO3 would be preferred as it has higher conversion of both syngas and natural gas, but the attrition behavior of the material would need to be further investigated.

combined oxides

chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling

chemical-looping combustion

carbon dioxide capture

iron manganese silica oxides

Author

Malin Hanning

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Peter Hallberg

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Magnus Rydén

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Tobias Mattisson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Anders Lyngfelt

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Fuel Processing Technology

0378-3820 (ISSN)

Vol. 124 August 2014 87-96

Innovative Oxygen Carriers Uplifting chemical-looping combustion (INNOCUOUS)

European Commission (FP7), 2010-10-01 -- 2015-04-30.

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Energy Engineering

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Energy

DOI

10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.02.020

More information

Created

10/7/2017