Proton conductivity of hexagonal and cubic BaTi1-xScxO3-δ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.8)
Journal article, 2014

BaTi1−xScxO3−δ (x = 0.1–0.8) was prepared via solid state reaction. High resolution X-ray powder diffraction was used to characterise the synthesised materials. It was found that low substitution (x = 0.1 and 0.2) of Ti4+ for Sc3+ gives a hexagonal perovskite structure, whereas high substitution (x = 0.5–0.7) results in a cubic perovskite structure. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed significant levels of protons in both as-prepared and hydrated samples. Electrical conductivity was measured by AC impedance methods under oxygen, argon and under dry and humid, both H2O and D2O, conditions for BaTi1−xScxO3−δ (x = 0.2, 0.6 and 0.7). In the temperature range of 150–600 °C, under humid conditions, the conductivity is significantly higher than that under the dry conditions. The increase in conductivity is especially prominent for the cubic phases, indicating that protons are the dominant charge carriers. The proton conductivity of hexagonal BaTi0.8Sc0.2O3−δ is approx. two orders of magnitude lower than that of the more heavily substituted cubic phases. Conductivity is also found to be higher in dry O2 than in Ar in the whole temperature range of 150–1000 °C, characteristic of a significant contribution from p-type charge carriers under oxidising atmospheres. Greater Sc3+ substitution leads to a higher proton concentration and the highest proton conductivity (σ [similar] 2 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 600 °C) is found for the BaTi0.3Sc0.7O3−δ composition.

Author

Habibur Seikh Mohammad Rahman

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Stefan Norberg

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Christopher Knee

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

J. J. Biendicho

Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

Stockholm University

S. Hull

Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

Sten Eriksson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Dalton Transactions

1477-9226 (ISSN) 1477-9234 (eISSN)

Vol. 43 40 15055-15064

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

DOI

10.1039/C4DT01280A

More information

Latest update

3/1/2018 7