Perspectives on food traceability: A systematic literature review
Journal article, 2014
Purpose – This paper aims to increase our understanding of perspectives on food traceability in four supply chain risk management (SCRM)
approaches to ensure food safety. The occurrence of food safety failures has led to increased attention on food traceability as a means of identifying
the causes of deficiencies in supply chains.
Design/methodology/approach – This paper presents a literature review and synthesizes the broader domain of food traceability by analyzing
perspectives based on SCRM approaches. In all, 129 published papers were selected and evaluated using content analysis.
Findings – A framework of SCRM approaches on food traceability is presented. Eight perspectives on food traceability are identified and grouped
according to four SCRM approaches: food supply chain complexity and unique identification of goods (logistics management); transparency and
interoperability (information management); in-house production and outsourcing (production management); and food quality and safety
requirements and the monitoring of food characteristics (quality management).
Research limitations/implications – The findings provide an in-depth understanding and research suggestions for the management of traceability
to ensure food safety in food supply chains. Conclusions are drawn from secondary sources, thus excluding empirical evaluation.
Practical implications – The implementation of food traceability can result in changes to existing management systems. This paper addresses the
perspectives and management challenges that can influence the implication of food traceability to ensure food safety.
Originality/value – Perspectives on food traceability according to SCRM approaches are presented. Food traceability is analyzed using the
philosophy of scientific framework and suggestions for further research are offered.
Supply chain risk management