Comparing motor-vehicle crash risk of EU and US vehicles
Report, 2015

This study examined the hypotheses that vehicles meeting EU safety standards perform similarly to US-­regulated vehicles in the US driving environment, and vice versa. The analyses used three statistical approaches to “triangulate” evidence regarding differences in crash and injury risk. Separate analyses assessed crash avoidance technologies, including headlamps and mirrors. The results suggest that when controlling for differences in environment and exposure, vehicles meeting EU standards offer reduced risk of serious injury in frontal/side crashes and have driver‐side mirrors that reduce risk in lane-change crashes better, while vehicles meeting US standards provide a lower risk of injury in rollovers and have headlamps that make pedestrians more conspicuous.

likelihood surface

crash avoidance

rollover

comparison EU US

headlamps

side mirrors

logistic regression

SUR

Bayes factor

Crashworthiness

front-side crashes

injury risk

Author

Carol A. Flannagan

András Bálint

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Kathleen D. Klinich

Ulrich Sander

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems

Miriam A. Manary

Sophie Cuny

Michael McCarthy

Vuthy Phan

Caroline Wallbank

Paul E. Green

Bo Sui

Åsa Forsman

Helen Fagerlind

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Transport

Subject Categories

Transport Systems and Logistics

Vehicle Engineering

Probability Theory and Statistics

Roots

Basic sciences

More information

Created

10/8/2017