Prognostic Significance of Resting Heart Rate and Use of beta-Blockers in Atrial Fibrillation and Sinus Rhythm in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: Findings From the Swedish Heart Failure Registry
Journal article, 2015
BACKGROUND: In heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, the prognostic role of heart rate (HR) in atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown and the effectiveness of beta-blockers has recently been questioned in AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 18 858 patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction registered with Swedish Heart Failure Registry were included in this study: patients with sinus rhythm (SR; n=11 466) and patients with AF (n=7392). The outcome measure was all-cause mortality. Compared with HR =60 beats per minute, the adjusted hazard ratios for mortality in SR were 1.26 for HR=61 to 70 beats per minute, 1.37 for HR=71 to 80 beats per minute, 1.52 for HR=81 to 90 beats per minute, 1.63 for HR=91 to 100 beats per minute, and 2.69 for HR >100 beats per minute. However, in AF, the hazard ratio increased only for HR >100 beats per minute (1.30; P=0.001). beta-blocker use was associated with reduced mortality in SR (hazard ratio, 0.77; P=0.011) and in AF (hazard ratio, 0.71; P<0.001). For beta-blocker use in SR, the hazard ratio gradually increased with HR increment, whereas in AF, the hazard ratio significantly increased only for HR >100 beats per minute (1.29; P=0.003) compared with HR =60 beats per minute. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, a higher HR was associated with increased mortality in SR, but in AF, this is true only for HR >100 beats per minute. beta-blocker use was associated with reduced mortality both in SR and in AF.
Heart Rate/drug effects/*physiology
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/*therapeutic use
Heart Failure/complications/drug therapy/*physiopathology
Atrial Fibrillation/complications/drug therapy/*physiopathology
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