Terahertz detection with graphene field-effect transistors
Paper in proceedings, 2015

Detectors for quasi-optical and guide THz waves are key elements of any THz technology. In recent years, there has been much progress in their development. Notably, field-effect transistors (FETs) have been shown to be well suited for detector implementation at room temperature exploiting (self-)mixing effects in their channels [1]. They reach a typical noise-equivalent power (NEP) of several tens of pW/Hz^1/2 at 0.6 THz in CMOS and other technologies. First focal-plane arrays and cameras have been implemented. Frequency coverage to at least 5 THz has been demonstrated. Recently, this type of detection concept has been extended successfully to graphene-based FETs [2] opening the way to freely positionable THz detectors on a wide variety of substrates (also flexible plastics). We have improved the technology (see Fig. 1) [3] and reach, for GFETs on Si, an optical NEP of 150 pW/Hz^1/2 at 0.3 THz, with considerable room for improvement. An unusually strong thermoelectric contribution has been identified [2, 3] which may help to engineer enhanced detector performance.

antenna-integrated detectors

Graphene field effect transistors

CVD graphene

direct terahertz detection

Author

Maris Bauer

Alvydas Lisauskas

Audrey Zak

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Terahertz and Millimetre Wave Laboratory

MICHAEL ANDERSSON

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Terahertz and Millimetre Wave Laboratory

Jan Stake

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Terahertz and Millimetre Wave Laboratory

Jonas Matukas

Hartmut Roskos

Graphene Week 2015

Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Subject Categories

Nano Technology

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

Infrastructure

Nanofabrication Laboratory