The sorption of monovalent cations onto wood flour and holocelluloses of Norway spruce: molecular interactions during LiCl impregnation
Journal article, 2017

Active functional groups and interactions involved in the sorption of Li+ ions from an aqueous LiCl solution onto the Norway spruce sapwood (sW) flour have been investigated. To this purpose, sW was delignified by peracetic acid (PAA) treatments and the resulting holocelluloses (HC6 h, HC24 h, HC51 h, HC72 h, where the lower case data indicate the PAA treatment time) with various lignin contents were immersed in aqueous solution of LiCl and the sorption effects were studied by flame atomic emission spectroscopy (FAES), attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The Brunauer- Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area increased from 1.5±0.0 m2g−1 to 2.4±0.1 m2g−1 for HC6 h, and from 1.6±0.03 m2g−1 to 2.7±0.6 m2g−1 for HC72 h upon LiCl treatment. It was found that Li+/Cl− retention occurs predominantly via O-containing functionalities and the carbohydrate-rich samples sorbed more Li+. Upon LiCl treatment, the mobility and accessibility of the wood matrix was enhanced, possibly by interference of the introduced ions with the existing intermolecular bonds.

wood

delignification by PAA

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

flame atomic emission spectroscopy (FAES)

sorption

ATR-FTIR spectroscopy

impregnation with LiCl

BET measurements of surface area

monovalent cation

molecular interactions

Author

Reddysuresh Kolavali

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Forest Products and Chemical Engineering

Merima Hasani

Wallenberg Wood Science Center (WWSC)

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemical Technology, Forest Products and Chemical Engineering

Holzforschung

0018-3830 (ISSN) 1437-434X (eISSN)

Vol. 71 5 373-381

Subject Categories

Polymer Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Chemical Process Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Chemical Sciences

Organic Chemistry

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Energy

Materials Science

DOI

10.1515/hf-2016-0075

More information

Latest update

8/24/2018