Simulation of vertical dynamic vehicle-track interaction in a railway crossing using Green's functions
Journal article, 2017
Vertical dynamic vehicle-track interaction in the through route of a railway crossing is simulated in the time domain based on a Green's function approach for the track in combination with an implementation of Kalker's variational method to solve the non-Hertzian, and potentially multiple, wheel-rail contact. The track is described by a linear, three-dimensional and non-periodic finite element model of a railway turnout accounting for the variations in rail cross-sections and sleeper lengths, and including baseplates and resilient elements. To reduce calculation time due to the complexity of the track model, involving a large number of elements and degrees-of-freedom, a complex-valued modal superposition with a truncated mode set is applied before the impulse response functions are calculated at various positions along the crossing panel. The variation in three-dimensional contact geometry of the crossing and wheel is described by linear surface elements. In each time step of the contact detection algorithm, the lateral position of the wheelset centre is prescribed but the contact positions on wheel and rail are not, allowing for an accurate prediction of the wheel transition between wing rail and crossing rail. The method is demonstrated by calculating the wheel-rail impact load and contact stress distribution for a nominal S1002 wheel profile passing over a nominal crossing geometry. A parameter study is performed to determine the influence of vehicle speed, rail pad stiffness, lateral wheelset position and wheel profile on the impact load generated at the crossing. It is shown that the magnitude of the impact load is more influenced the wheel-rail contact geometry than by the selection of rail pad stiffness.