Sequential gauss-newton MCMC algorithm for high-dimensional bayesian model updating
Paper in proceedings, 2016
Bayesian model updating provides a rigorous framework to account for uncertainty induced by lack of knowledge about engineering systems in their respective mathematical models through updates of the joint probability density function (PDF), the so-called posterior PDF, of the unknown model parameters. The Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods are currently the most popular approaches for generating samples from the posterior PDF. However, these methods often found wanting when sampling from difficult distributions (e.g., high-dimensional PDFs, PDFs with flat manifolds, multimodal PDFs, and very peaked PDFs). This paper introduces a new multi-level sampling approach for Bayesian model updating, called Sequential Gauss-Newton algorithm, which is inspired by the Transitional Markov chain Monte Carlo (TMCMC) algorithm. The Sequential Gauss-Newton algorithm improves two aspects of TMCMC to make an efficient and effective MCMC algorithm for drawing samples from difficult posterior PDFs. First, the statistical efficiency of the algorithm is enhanced by use of the systematic resampling scheme. Second, a new MCMC algorithm, called Gauss-Newton MCMC algorithm, is proposed which is essentially an M-H algorithm with a Gaussian proposal PDF tailored to the posterior PDF using the gradient and Hessian information of the negative log posterior. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm for solving the Bayesian model updating problem is illustrated using three examples with irregularly shaped posterior PDFs.
Bayesian model updating
Markov chain monte carlo
Optimal scale factor tuning