Normalization by Evaluation for Martin-Löf Type Theory with Equality Judgements
Journal article, 2007
The decidability of equality is proved for Martin-Löf type theory with a universe a la Russell and typed beta-eta-equality judgements. A corollary of this result is that the constructor for dependent function types is injective, a property which is crucial for establishing the
correctness of the type-checking algorithm. The decision procedure uses normalization by evaluation, an algorithm which first interprets terms in a domain with untyped semantic elements and then extracts normal forms. The correctness of this algorithm is established using a
PER-model and a logical relation between syntax and semantics.