Large-eddy simulation on the effects of fuel injection pressure on gasoline spray characteristics
Licentiate thesis, 2019
This work presents numerical simulation studies on gasoline sprays formed at fuel injection pressures between 40 and 150 MPa. Three nozzle hole shapes (divergent, convergent, and straight) with different configurations (6 or 10 holes) were considered in the simulation to determine how a nozzle geometry affects spray formation. The numerical calculations were performed in a constant volume spray chamber under non-vaporizing conditions to best match the experimental setup. The gas flow was modeled using a large-eddy simulation (LES) approach, while a standard Lagrangian model was utilized to describe the liquid fuel spray. Spray atomization was modeled using the Kelvin Helmholtz –Rayleigh Taylor (KH-RT) atomization model, with the droplet size distribution being assumed to follow a Rosin-Rammler distribution function. Simulation results for the spray liquid penetration length are validated with experimental findings under different fuel injection pressures. Afterwards, an arithmetic mean droplet diameter (D10) and a Sauter mean droplet diameter (D32) as a function of pressure are compared against the measured droplet diameters. Simulated drop size distributions are presented and compared with measured droplet sizes. The results indicate that high fuel injection pressures increase the liquid penetration length and significantly reduce droplet sizes, and that nozzle shape significantly affects spray characteristics and spray formation.
In addition, raising the injection pressure from 40 to 150 MPa with a divergent nozzle was predicted to reduce the SMD from 13.4 to 7.5 μm while increasing the probability of observing droplet diameters of 5-10 μm from 40% to 72%. Similar results were obtained for the other nozzle shapes.
High pressure fuel-injection
Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences (M2), Combustion and Propulsion Systems
Large-Eddy Simulation on the Effects of Fuel Injection Pressure on the Gasoline Spray Characteristics
SAE Technical Papers,; Vol. 2019-January(2019)
Large Eddy Simulation of Stratified Combustion in Spray-guided Direct Injection Spark-ignition Engine
SAE Technical Papers,; Vol. 2018-April(2018)
Other Mechanical Engineering
M Room Delta-Gamma