Controlling the composition and magnetic properties of nano-SrFe_12 O_19 powder synthesized from oily cold mill sludge by the citrate precursor method
Journal article, 2019

This paper proposes a new method for producing nano-SrFe 12 O 19 powder by the citrate precursor route using solid waste as a source of iron. This solid iron-containing waste, which exists in the form of an oily sludge, is produced by a cold rolling mill. This sludge was first subjected to a process, including sulfuric acid leaching, oxidation, precipitation, and nitric acid leaching, to obtain an iron nitrate (Fe(NO 3 ) 3 ) solution. Next, the Fe(NO 3 ) 3 solution was mixed with a strontium nitrate (Sr(NO 3 ) 2 ) solution obtained by subjecting strontium carbonate to nitric acid leaching. Subsequently, citric acid, as chelating agent, and ammonia water, as precipitating agent, were added to the mixed solution to form a gel. The gel was dried and spontaneously combusted, then annealed at different temperatures for 2 h in flowing air. The effects of the Fe 3+ /Sr 2+ molar ratio and annealing temperature on the formation, morphology, and magnetic properties of SrFe 12 O 19 were investigated. The results showed that single-phase SrFe 12 O 19 powder was obtained by decreasing the Fe 3+ /Sr 2+ molar ratio from the stoichiometric value of 12 to 11.6 and increasing the annealing temperature to 1000 °C for 2 h. Adjustment of the Fe/Sr molar ratio to 12 and the annealing temperature to 900 °C enabled the magnetic properties to be optimized, including saturation magnetization (Ms) 80.2 emu/g, remanence magnetization (Mr) 39.8 emu/g, and coercive force (Hc) 6318 Oe.

Magnetic properties

Citrate precursor method


SrFe O 12 19

Industrial waste


Bo Liu

University of Science and Technology Beijing

Shengen Zhang

University of Science and Technology Beijing

Britt-Marie Steenari

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material

Christian Ekberg

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material


19961944 (eISSN)

Vol. 12 8 1250

Subject Categories


Chemical Engineering

Metallurgy and Metallic Materials



More information

Latest update