Processing-structure-property relationships of electrospun PLA-PEO membranes reinforced with enzymatic cellulose nanofibers
Journal article, 2020

Three different solvent mixtures were used to prepare electrospun membranes based on polylactic acid (PLA), polyethylene oxide (PEO) and enzymatic cellulose nanofibers (CNF). The materials were characterized from a morphological, spectroscopic, mechanical and rheological point of view. Furthermore, swelling test were performed in order to assess the water uptake of each sample. The results put into evidence that the choice of the solvents affects the structure and the properties of the membranes. Among the protocols tested, using chloroform/acetone/ethanol mixture was found to allow a high degree of CNF dispersion and a good electrospinnability of polymer solutions. These features led to membranes with impressive improvement of mechanical properties (+350% in stiffness, +350% in tensile strength and +500% in toughness) with respect to those of PLA/PEO and dramatically increased the water uptake of these materials (up to +350% within 120 min).

Polyethylene oxide



Raman spectroscopy


Polylactic acid


Robab Ghafari

University of Tehran

Roberto Scaffaro

University of Palermo

Andrea Maio

University of Palermo

Emmanuel F. Gulino

University of Palermo

Giada Lo Re

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Engineering Materials

Mehdi Jonoobi

University of Tehran

Polymer Testing

0142-9418 (ISSN)

Vol. 81 106182

Subject Categories

Polymer Chemistry

Polymer Technologies

Composite Science and Engineering



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