A self-standing three-dimensional covalent organic framework film
Journal article, 2023

Covalent crystals such as diamonds are a class of fascinating materials that are challenging to fabricate in the form of thin films. This is because spatial kinetic control of bond formation is required to create covalently bonded crystal films. Directional crystal growth is commonly achieved by chemical vapor deposition, an approach that is hampered by technical complexity and associated high cost. Here we report on a liquid-liquid interfacial approach based on physical-organic considerations to synthesize an ultrathin covalent crystal film. By distributing reactants into separate phases using hydrophobicity, the chemical reaction is confined to an interface that orients the crystal growth. A molecular-smooth interface combined with in-plane isotropic conditions enables the synthesis of films on a centimeter size scale with a uniform thickness of 13 nm. The film exhibits considerable mechanical robustness enabling a free-standing length of 37 ┬Ám, as well as a clearly anisotropic chemical structure and crystal lattice alignment.


Yizhou Yang

University of Gothenburg

Yanyan Chen

Chalmers, Life Sciences, Systems and Synthetic Biology

Fernando Izquierdo Ruiz

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biochemistry

Clara Schäfer

University of Gothenburg

Martin Rahm

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biochemistry

Karl Börjesson

University of Gothenburg

Nature Communications

2041-1723 (ISSN)

Vol. 14 1 220

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Materials Chemistry

Condensed Matter Physics





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