Imaging TOF-SIMS of rat kidney prepared by high-pressure freezing.
Journal article, 2005
Phosphocholine, potassium ions, and sodium ions were localized in rat kidney with imaging TOF-SIMS. Tissue preparation was performed with high-pressure freezing, freeze-fracturing and freeze-drying. The distribution of sodium ions was visualized by imaging the signal at m/z 23 of positively charged secondary ions, and the distribution of potassium ions was visualized by imaging the signal at m/z 39. Potassium was found localized within cells of the proximal tubulus epithelium and within cells of the glomeruli. High signals of sodium ions were seen in the interstitial tissue and also in epithelial cells of the collecting ducts and in glomeruli. The overlay image showed that the distribution of sodium ions and potassium ions were largely complementary with color mixing in glomeruli and in the interstitium surrounding proximal tubules. The ion distribution was further analyzed by correlation analysis. Phosphocholine-containing phospholipids were visualized by imaging the phosphocholine head group at m/z 184 of positively charged ions. The m/z 184 signal shows a ubiquitous distribution with a high intensity of phosphocholine in epithelial cells. Overlay image of m/z 184, m/z 39, and m/z 23 and multivariate analysis showed that the localization of high levels of phosphocholine colocalizes with high levels of potassium ions, as expected for an ion with intracellular localization.