Characterization of particulate emissions and methodology for oxidation of particulates from non-diesel combustion systems
Journal article, 2008

Tailpipe particulate emissions, i.e., particle number, size distribution and total mass, from a series of four-cylinder engines with 2L displacement and power output of approximately 150 hp have been measured. The engines were in their respective vehicle installation, all midsize vehicles from various manufacturers, and represented different combustion concepts, i.e., port- and direct-injected vehicles and E5 and E85 fuels. The results are compared to post-Euro V emission standards for gasoline and biofuels using diesel as reference. The results show that the type of combustion and fuel significantly affect the particulate formation. In general, direct-injected engines show high particle numbers and mass compared to port-injected engines. The particulate number and total mass can be reduced by using biofuels, e.g., ethanol mixes, instead of gasoline. Moreover, an experimental procedure and setup facilitating precise studies of oxidation of particulates in realistic filter structures by well-controlled gas flow (composition and temperature) and sample (particulate load and temperature) conditions has been developed. The results from this method have been verified by using commercial soot as reference.

Author

Per Ericsson

General Motors

M Holmström

General Motors

Annika Amberntsson Carlsson

General Motors

Carolin Ohlson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Magnus Skoglundh

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Applied Surface Chemistry

Bengt Andersson

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemical Reaction Engineering

Per-Anders Carlsson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Applied Surface Chemistry

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

SAE Technical Paper

2008-01-1746

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Transport

Energy

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Chemical Process Engineering

Other Chemical Engineering

DOI

10.4271/2008-01-1746

More information

Latest update

11/5/2018