Chemical-looping combustion - status of development
Paper in proceeding, 2008

Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is a combustion technology with inherent separation of the greenhouse gas CO2. The technique involves the use of a metal oxide as an oxygen carrier which transfers oxygen from combustion air to the fuel, and hence a direct contact between air and fuel is avoided. Two inter-connected fluidized beds, a fuel reactor and an air reactor, are used in the process. In the fuel reactor, the metal oxide is reduced by the reaction with the fuel and in the air reactor; the reduced metal oxide is oxidized with air. The outlet gas from the fuel reactor consists of CO2 and H2O, and almost pure stream of CO2 is obtained when water is condensed. Considerable research has been conducted on CLC in the last years with respect to oxygen carrier development, reactor design, system efficiencies and prototype testing. In 2002 the process was a paper concept, albeit with some important but limited laboratory work on oxygen carrier particles. Today more than 600 materials have been tested and the technique has been successfully demonstrated in chemical-looping combustors in the size range 0.3 – 50 kW, using different types of oxygen carriers based on the metals Ni, Co, Fe, Cu and Mn. The total time of operational experience is more than a thousand hours. From these tests it can be established that almost complete conversion of the fuel can be obtained and 100% CO2 capture is possible. Most work so far has been focused on gaseous fuels, but the direct application to solid fuels is also being studied. Moreover, the same principle of oxygen transfer is used in chemical-looping reforming (CLR), which involves technologies to produce hydrogen with inherent CO2 capture. This paper presents an overview of the research performed on CLC and CLR highlights the current status of the technology.


Anders Lyngfelt

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Marcus Johansson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Tobias Mattisson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

9th International Conference on Circulating Fluidized Beds May 13 - May 16, Hamburg 2008

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Energy Engineering

Chemical Process Engineering

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