Time-Domain Protection and Fault Location of Wye-Connected Shunt Capacitor Banks Using Superimposed Current and Differential Voltage
Journal article, 2020

This paper presents protection and fault location of wye-connected shunt capacitor banks used in medium or high voltage applications. The proposed method is sensitive to single element failure obtained by using voltage adaptive instantaneous superimposed current in each phase. The change in equivalent reactance computed using time-domain signals is used to find the number of failed capacitor element and types of fault. The location of the faulted capacitor is identified using sign of the voltage difference of the lower and upper halves of the shunt capacitor bank. The performance of the proposed method is tested for various cases including identical faults, simultaneous faults, system voltage unbalance in both single and double wye-connected shunt capacitor banks. The method is also validated using field data collected from a 400 kV SCB for an internal fault. The proposed technique is compared with available methods and found accurate.

Capacitor bank connections

shunt capacitor bank

time-domain protection

short circuit and open circuit faults


Rabindra Mohanty

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Electric Power Engineering, Power grids and Components

Ashok Kumar Pradhan

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery

0885-8977 (ISSN)

Vol. In Press

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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1/8/2021 3