Five-day planetary waves in the middle atmosphere from Odin satellite data and ground-based instruments in Northern Hemisphere summer 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2007
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

A number of studies have shown that 5-day planetary waves modulate noctilucent clouds and the closely related Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes (PMSE) at the summer mesopause. Summer stratospheric winds should inhibit wave propagation through the stratosphere and, although some numerical models (Geisler and Dickinson, 1976) do show a possibility for upward wave propagation, it has also been suggested that the upward propagation may in practice be confined to the winter hemisphere with horizontal propagation of the wave from the winter to the summer hemisphere at mesosphere heights causing the effects observed at the summer mesopause. It has further been proposed (Garcia et al., 2005) that 5-day planetary waves observed in the summer mesosphere could be excited in-situ by baroclinic instability in the upper mesosphere. In this study, we first extract and analyze 5-day planetary wave characteristics on a global scale in the middle atmosphere (up to 54 km in temperature, and up to 68 km in ozone concentration) using measurements by the Odin satellite for selected days during northern hemisphere summer from 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2007. Second, we show that 5-day temperature fluctuations consistent with westward-traveling 5-day waves are present at the summer mesopause, using local ground-based meteor-radar observations. Finally we examine whether any of three possible sources of the detected temperature fluctuations at the summer mesopause can be excluded: upward propagation from the stratosphere in the summer-hemisphere, horizontal propagation from the winter-hemisphere or in-situ excitation as a result of the baroclinic instability. We find that in one case, far from solstice, the baroclinic instability is unlikely to be involved. In one further case, close to solstice, upward propagation in the same hemisphere seems to be ruled out. In all other cases, all or any of the three proposed mechanisms are consistent with the observations.

and tides

LOWER THERMOSPHERE

NONUNIFORM BACKGROUND CONFIGURATIONS

MODE ROSSBY WAVES

SYMMETRIC MODES

Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics

SCALE WAVES

Waves

MESOSPHERE

NUMERICAL-SIMULATION

OZONE

UPPER-STRATOSPHERE

Middle atmosphere dynamics

QUASI-2-DAY WAVE

Författare

A. Belova

Instiutet for rymdfysik

S. Kirkwood

Instiutet for rymdfysik

Donal Murtagh

Chalmers, Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Global miljömätteknik

N. Mitchell

University of Bath

W. Singer

Leibniz-Institut fur Atmospharenphysik an der Universitat Rostock, Kuhlungsborn (IAP)

W. Hocking

Western University

Annales Geophysicae

0992-7689 (ISSN) 1432-0576 (eISSN)

Vol. 26 3557-3570

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik