Channel Estimation for Amplify and Forward Relay Networks
Licentiatavhandling, 2009

The use of intermediate-relaying nodes has been identified as a promising technique for enhancing coverage and combating the impairments of Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) wireless channels. The main idea is to introduce relays that forward the data to the destination which is otherwise out of the reach of the source. Accurate channel state information (CSI) is crucial for optimizing the performance of relay-assisted MIMO channels. In this thesis, we propose and analyze a training based channel estimator for amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks. The method consists of a sequence of least-squares (LS) problems aiming at a computationally efficient solution. It is based on creating different compound channels by varying the gain factors at the relays. Then, the individual links from source to relays and from relay to destination are revealed using LS. For the purpose of performance evaluation, the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRB) is computed and compared with the asymptotic covariance of the proposed estimator. Since the existing estimator does not attain the CRB, we propose and analyze an improved algorithm that is efficient for high Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). Furthermore, we present a beamforming scheme for MIMO relay networks as an application of the proposed algorithm. We examine the possibility of beamforming at the relaying nodes under receiver SNR maximizing criterion and individual, per relay, transmit power constraints. The relays exploit the knowledge of the channel matrix between the source and the relays as well as the channel matrix between the relays and the destination. Our numerical results indicate that the choice of the amplification gains is crucial to achieve an efficient use of the relays.

channel estimation

relay networks

Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO)

Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRB).

least squares (LS)

room EA, 4th floor, Hörsalsvägen 11, Chalmers University of Technology
Opponent: Dr Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad


Panagiota Lioliou

Signaler och system, Signalbehandling och medicinsk teknik, Signalbehandling


Elektroteknik och elektronik



room EA, 4th floor, Hörsalsvägen 11, Chalmers University of Technology

Opponent: Dr Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad