Large-Eddy Simulation for Computing the Flow Around Vehicles
Doktorsavhandling, 2002

The feasibility of the use of large-eddy simulation (LES) in external vehicle aerodynamics is investigated. The computational requirement for LES of the full size car at road conditions is beyond the capability of computers in the near future. Since LES cannot be used for quantitative prediction of this flow, i.e. obtaining the aerodynamic forces and moments, an alternative use of LES is suggested than can be useful in increasing our understanding of the flow around a car. It is found that making LES of the flow around simplified car-like shapes at lower Reynolds numbers can increase our knowledge of the flow around a car. Two simulations are made, one of the flow around a cube and the other of the flow around a simplified bus. The former simulation proved that LES with a relatively coarse resolution and simple inlet boundary condition can provide accurate results. The latter simulation resulted in a flow that agrees with experimental observations and displayed some flow features that were not observed in the experiments or steady simulations of such flows. This simulation afforded us the possibility to study the transient mechanisms that are responsible for the aerodynamic properties of a car. The knowledge gained from this simulation can be used by the stylist to tune the aerodynamics of the car's design as well as by CFD specialists to improve turbulence models. A mixed one-equation subgrid-scale model for LES is proposed. A new model is constructed following the observation that the chief transport of turbulent energy is a local process that occurs between the scales closest to the cut-off. This transport of energy is modeled with the scale-similarity part and the remaining non-local energy transport is represented with the eddy viscosity part.


Subgrid scale model


SGS model



Large eddy simulation

10.00 HA2-salen, Hörsalsvägen, Chalmers
Opponent: Professor Wolfgang Rodi, Institut fur Hydrodynamik,Universität Karlsruhe, Germany


Sinisa Krajnovic

Chalmers, Institutionen för termo- och fluiddynamik

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Flow Around a Bluff Body

AIAA Journal,; Vol. 40(2002)p. 927-936

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Numerical Study of the Flow Around a Bus-Shaped Body

Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME,; Vol. 125(2003)p. 500-509

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Flow Around a Three-Dimensional Bluff Body

AIAA Paper 2001-0432,; (2001)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Comparison of Two One-Equation Subgrid Models in Recirculating Flows

Direct and Large-Eddy Simulation III,; (1999)p. 63-74

Paper i proceeding

A test case for large-eddy simulation in vehicle aerodynamics

Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements,; (2002)p. 647-656

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Flow around a three-dimensional bluff body

Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Flow Visualisation,; (2000)

Paper i proceeding

Large-Eddy Simulation of the Flow Around a Ground Vehicle Body

SAE Paper 2001-01-0702,; (2001)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

A mixed one-equation subgrid model for large-eddy simulation

International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow,; Vol. 23(2002)p. 413-425

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Large ´-Eddy Simulation of the Flow Around A Simplified Bus

Proceedings of the 3rd AFOSR International Conference on DNS/LES Progress and Challenges,; (2001)p. 775-782

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


Strömningsmekanik och akustik



Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 1870

10.00 HA2-salen, Hörsalsvägen, Chalmers

Opponent: Professor Wolfgang Rodi, Institut fur Hydrodynamik,Universität Karlsruhe, Germany

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