Observation of a Charge Transfer State in Low-Bandgap Polymer/Fullerene Blend Systems by Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence Studies
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

The presence of charge transfer states generated by the interaction between the fullerene acceptor PCBM and two alternating copolymers of fluorene with donor-acceptor-donor comonomers are reported; the generation leads to modifications in the polymer bandgap and electronic structure. In one of polymer/fullerene blends, the driving force for photocurrent generation, i.e., the gap between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals of the donor and acceptor, is only 0.1 eV, but photocurrent is generated. It is shown that the presence of a charge transfer state is more important than the driving force. The charge transfer states are visible through new emission peaks in the photoluminescence spectra and through electroluminescence at a forward bias. The photoluminescence can be quenched under reverse bias, and can be directly correlated to the mechanism of photocurrent generation. The excited charge transfer state is easily dissociated into free charge carriers, and is an important intermediate state through which free charge carriers are generated.

Författare

Y. Zhou

Linköpings universitet

Kristofer Tvingstedt

Linköpings universitet

Fengling Zhang

Linköpings universitet

Chunxia Du

Linköpings universitet

Wei-Xin Ni

Linköpings universitet

Mats Andersson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Polymerteknologi

Olle Inganäs

Linköpings universitet

Advanced Materials for Optics and Electronics

1057-9257 (ISSN) 1616-3028 (eISSN)

Vol. 19 20 3293-3299

Ämneskategorier

Polymerkemi

DOI

10.1002/adfm.200900702