On the critical non-additivity driving segregation of asymmetric binary hard sphere fluids
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010

A previously proposed version of thermodynamic perturbation theory, appropriate for singular pair interactions between particles, is applied to binary mixtures of hard spheres with non-additive diameters. The critical non-additivity Delta_C required to drive fluid–fluid phase separation is determined as a function of the ratio xi < 1 of the diameters of the two species. Delta_C(xi) is found to decrease with xi and to go through a minimum for xi = 0.015 before increasing sharply as xi -> 0, irrespective of the total packing-fraction eta of the mixture. These results are the basis of an estimate of the range of size ratios for which a binary mixture of additive hard spheres exhibit a fluid–fluid miscibility gap. This range is conjectured to be 0.01 < xi < 0.1.

phase separation

hard sphere

simple liquids

perturbation theory

binary mixture

Författare

Per Sillrén

Chalmers, Teknisk fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik

Jean-Pierre Hansen

University of Cambridge

Molecular Physics

0026-8976 (ISSN) 1362-3028 (eISSN)

Vol. 108 1 97-104

Ämneskategorier

Annan fysik

Teoretisk kemi

Den kondenserade materiens fysik

DOI

10.1080/00268970903514561