Corrosion of irradiated MOX fuel in presence of dissolved H-2
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009
The corrosion behaviour of irradiated MOX fuel (47 GWd/tHM) has been studied in an autoclave experiment simulating repository conditions. Fuel fragments were corroded at room temperature in a 10 mM NaCl/2 mM NaHCO3 solution in presence of dissolved H-2 for 2100 days. The results show that dissolved H-2 in concentration 1 mM and higher inhibits oxidation and dissolution of the fragments. Stable U and Pu concentrations were measured at 7 x 10(-10) and 5 x 10(-11) M, respectively. Caesium was only released during the first two years of the experiment. The results indicate that the UO2 matrix of a spent MOX fuel is the main contributor to the measured dissolution, while the corrosion of the high burn-up Pu-rich islands appears negligible. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.