Real-time measurements of coagulation on bacterial cellulose and conventional vascular graft materials.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010

The search for a functional, small diameter (<5mm) vascular graft has been ongoing for over 30 years, but yet there is no consistently reliable synthetic graft. The primary mechanisms of graft failure are intimal hyperplasia, poor blood flow and surface thrombogenicity. Bacterial cellulose (BC) became therefore a proposed new biosynthetic vascular graft material. Since conventional methods are not suited for coagulation measurements on BC, we have adapted the automated calibrated thrombin generation method for measurements of biomaterial-induced coagulation of BC as compared with clinically used graft materials i.e., expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (ePTFE) and poly(ethyleneterephtalat) (PET). We have also visualized the coagulation propagation at the material surfaces. Thrombin generation experiments revealed dramatic differences between the materials tested. Both ePTFE and BC were found to generate longer lag times and ttpeak values than PET. Most importantly, BC was found to generate the lowest "peak", indicating a slower coagulation process at the surface. These results are also supported by the measurements of factor XIIa generation and analysis of surface coagulation times, which were detected in the following increasing order (mean + or - SD): PET (27 + or - 8 min)

chemistry

Transplants

Humans

Computer Systems

Gluconacetobacter xylinus

methods

Blood Vessel Prosthesis

chemistry

metabolism

physiology

Blood Coagulation

Biocompatible Materials

Materials Testing

Cellulose

Författare

Helen Fink

Göteborgs universitet

Lars Faxälv

Linköpings universitet

Gábor F Molnár

Semmelweis Egyetem

Kristoffer Drotz

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Polymerteknologi

Bo Risberg

Göteborgs universitet

Tomas L Lindahl

Linköpings universitet

Anders Sellborn

Göteborgs universitet

Acta Biomaterialia

1742-7061 (ISSN)

Vol. 6 3 1125-30

Ämneskategorier

Kirurgi

MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP

DOI

10.1016/j.actbio.2009.09.019

PubMed

19800035