Two-scale modelling of Saponaria bellidifolia Sm. (Caryophyllaceae) abundance on limestone outcrops from its northern range periphery (Southeastern Carpathians)
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009
We modelled the effect of habitat heterogeneity on the abundance of the submediterranean Saponaria bellidifolia, a red list species in Romania. The study was designed at two scales: 100 and 0.5 m(2). At larger scale, generalized additive models and canonical correspondence analysis were used to model the density of ramets, whereas at microscale, binomial logistic regression was employed to model the species' occurrence. S. bellidifolia abundance responded sensitively to habitat type (classified as "grassy", "rocky" and "scree"), rather than to microclimatic variables. At both scales, habitat type was the best predictor of ramet abundance, followed by slope and vegetation cover. At 0.5 m(2), soil depth was also a good predictor of species occurrence. The data revealed that screes are the most suitable habitats for hosting relatively large populations of this rare species, because of occasional natural disturbances and presumably lower interspecific competition.