Distance and Driving Force Dependencies of Electron Injection and Recombination Dynamics in Organic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010

A series of dyes based on a triphenylamine donor and a rhodanine acetic acid anchor/acceptor for solar cell application has been studied with regards to electron injection and recombination kinetics using femtosecond transient absorption The series contains three dyes, with estimated electron transfer distances ranging from 17 2 to 11 0 angstrom and which have shown significant differences in energy conversion efficiencies The injection and recombination kinetics were studied in the NIR region where electrons in the conduction band of the TiO2 are suggested to absorb For all dyes, the injection rate is larger than (200 fs)(-1) which implicates a quantitative injection efficiency Surprisingly, the subsequent recombination reaction has a rate that increases with increasing linker length On the other hand, this behavior is consistent with the concomitant decrease in driving force for this series of dyes Moreover, the lifetimes show exponential distance dependence when corrected for driving force and reorganization energy, which indicates a superexchange interaction between the electrons in TiO2 and the radical cations of the dyes A dependence on probe wavelength of the attenuation factor was found giving a beta value of 0 38 angstrom(-1) at 940 nm and 0 49 angstrom(-1) at 1040 nm The difference is suggested to be due to the difference in electronic coupling between fully separated dye cations and injected electrons versus geminate electron-hole pairs Addition of tert butylpyridine, which from previous work is known to give a substantial drop in the IPCE values for the studied dyes, was found to decrease the amount of long-lived electrons in the TiO2 without affecting the injection rate

energy

particles

linkers

nanoparticles

4-tert-butylpyridine

performance

photovoltaic

nanocrystalline tio2 films

spectroscopy

charge separation

transient absorption

Författare

Joanna Wiberg

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Fysikalisk kemi

T. Marinado

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Shinshu University

D. P. Hagberg

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

L. C. Sun

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

A. Hagfeldt

Uppsala universitet

Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH)

Bo Albinsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Fysikalisk kemi

Journal of Physical Chemistry B

1520-6106 (ISSN) 1520-5207 (eISSN)

Vol. 114 45 14358-14363

Ämneskategorier

Fysik

DOI

10.1021/jp1002963