Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
Optical phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are known to be capable, in principle, of realizing noiseless amplification and improving the signal-to-noise-ratio of optical links by 3 dB compared to conventional, phase-insensitively amplified links. However, current state-of-the-art PSAs are still far from being practical, lacking e.g. significant noise performance improvement, broadband gain and modulation-format transparency. Here we demonstrate experimentally, for the first time, an optical-fiber-based non-degenerate PSA link consisting of a phase-insensitive parametric copier followed by a PSA that provides broadband amplification, signal modulation-format independence, and nearly 6-dB link noise-figure (NF) improvement over conventional, erbium-doped fiber amplifier based links. The PSA has a record-low 1.1-dB NF, and can be extended to work with multiple wavelength channels with modest system complexity. This concept can also be realized in other materials with third-order nonlinearities, and is useful in any attenuation-limited optical link.