First-Principles Study of Photoinduced Water-Splitting on Fe2O3
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
Photoinduced water-splitting on hematite (Fe(2)O(3)) is investigated by first-principles calculations. (HO)(3)-Fe-H(3)O(3)-R, (HO)(3)-Fe-O(3)-R, O(3)-Fe-O(3)-R, (HO)(3)-Fe-R and O(3)-R terminations are considered, where R represents the bulk stacking sequence. The stability under photoelectrochemical conditions and the free energy of all reaction intermediates in a simple one-electron transfer reaction mechanism is calculated and the ability of different surface terminations to function as a photoanode is analyzed. Our results show that (i) under relevant photoelectrochemical conditions only O(3)-Fe-O(3)-R and O(3)-R are stable and that (ii) the water-oxidation is only allowed on (HO)(3)-Fe-H(3)O(3)-R, (HO)(3)-Fe-O(3)-R, O(3)-Fe-O(3)-R from thermodynamic considerations. The results suggest that hematite, as long as the (HO)(3)-Fe-H(3)O(3)-R termination is present under normal conditions, is a promising candidate for the photoanode.