Effect of nanofillers on the flame retardant properties of a polyethylene-calcium carbonate-silicone elastomer system
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
This study shows the effects of three different nanofillers on the viscosity properties and fire behavior of a halogen-free flame retardant system. The original system, based on ethylene-acrylate copolymer, calcium carbonate, and a silicone elastomer, shows good flame retardant properties. One of the nanofillers, montmorillonite (MMT), significantly increases the viscosity above 250 degrees C, resulting in reduced dripping and decreased heat release rate. The ash residue, however, is very brittle, indicating poor interactions between the MMT and other components of the system. The second nanofiller, sepiolite, shows no improvement on the flame retardant properties of the system. Reduced dripping is observed when a small amount of the third nanofiller, polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane, POSS, is incorporated into the system. In this case, high silica content on the surface indicates char formation originating from the POSS. However, an increased heat release is observed when POSS is used in the system.