Thermal characterization of aminium nitrate nanoparticles.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

Amines are widely used and originate from both anthropogenic and natural sources. Recently, there is, in addition, a raised concern about emissions of small amines formed as degradation products of the more complex amines used in CO(2) capture and storage systems. Amines are bases and can readily contribute to aerosol mass and number concentration via acid-base reactions but are also subject to gas phase oxidation forming secondary organic aerosols. To provide more insight into the atmospheric fate of the amines, this paper addresses the volatility properties of aminium nitrates suggested to be produced in the atmosphere from acid-base reactions of amines with nitric acid. The enthalpy of vaporization has been determined for the aminium nitrates of mono-, di-, trimethylamine, ethylamine, and monoethanolamine. The enthalpy of vaporization was determined from volatility measurements of laboratory generated aerosol nanoparticles using a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer set up. The determined enthalpy of vaporization for aminium nitrates range from 54 up to 74 kJ mol(-1), and the calculated vapor pressures at 298 K are around 10(-4) Pa. These values indicate that aminium nitrates can take part in gas-to-particle partitioning at ambient conditions and have the potential to nucleate under high NO(x) conditions, e.g., in combustion plumes.

Författare

Kent Salo

Göteborgs universitet

Jonathan Westerlund

Göteborgs universitet

Patrik U Andersson

Göteborgs universitet

Claus Nielsen

Barbara D'Anna

Mattias Hallquist

Göteborgs universitet

Journal of Physical Chemistry A

1089-5639 (ISSN) 1520-5215 (eISSN)

Vol. 115 11671-7

Ämneskategorier

Kemi

DOI

10.1021/jp204957k

PubMed

21910406