Finite Element Modelling of Closed Cracks in Eddy Current Testing
Paper i proceeding, 2012
The eddy current inspection of small fatigue cracks in Ti-6AL-4V is evaluated in both a finite element model and experiments. The crack was created in a fatigue process and an eddy current measurement was carried out as the resulting crack was subjected to different levels of static load. The signal showed a strong dependency of the time between the creation of the fatigue crack and the eddy current measurement. This dependency is proposed to be related to oxides forming on the crack faces. The oxide is favourable for the detection of fatigue cracks. The narrow width of the fatigue crack is important to consider in eddy current inspection and as static loads are applied across the crack faces, electrical connections arise within the crack, which has a strong influence on the eddy current signal. Four different models of the contact behaviour were implemented within the finite element model. It is shown that the electrical connections that arise within small fatigue cracks, as well as the influence from the narrow opening as tensile loads are applied, can be predicted by a finite element model of the eddy current method.